This is a benign birthmark due to a collection of melanocytes at the site. Features Flat bluish- blackish discolouration This fates generally over years ( 5-6 years) Location Most common over the lower back, buttock Treatment No treatment is required as it resolves spontaneously. Make sure you document it for further records. Remember Accidental […]

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Herpes simplex infection of the baby occurs during birth. It is caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). There are two types of HSV.  Aetiology HSV type 1- in 20% of cases.  HSV type 2- in 80% of cases Clinical features Localised skin, mouth, eye infection in 30% of cases Skin infections Group vesicles, pustules […]

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It is a self-limiting disorder of healthy newborns. Cause Hypoxia during delivery Post-trauma Hypothermia Calcium derangement Features Well circumscribed and indurated lesions The surface may look uneven and lobulated Lesions are usually asymptomatic or mildly painful Most common locations – back, buttock, cheeks Duration May last a few weeks to months Investigations Blood may show […]

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ERYTHEMA TOXICUM NEONATORUM Benign, self-limiting raised erythematous rash over the body of the newborn It is an allergic response   Features Ivory coloured papules surrounded by erythema Confluent lesions Pustules may be present Generally Starts from 2nd to 4th day of  life Involves all chest, face, back Lasts up to 2- 3 weeks   Investigations […]

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Purpose of bed making To help the patient feel comfortable and decrease pathogens in the environment To maintain Clean, dry and crease free linens helps reduce skin conditions like ulcers Necessary equipment Bottom sheet Mackintosh Draw sheet Top sheet Blanket Pillow with cover Laundry bag Dusters Bowl with an antiseptic solution Kidney tray Helpers The […]

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Children with chronic debilitating condition may need regular hygiene. This can be done by giving a bath or by wet spongin EQUIPMENT REQUIRED Wash bowl, warm water Sponge Comb/ Brush/ Scissors/ Nail clippers Oral hygiene equipment Bath towels Clean clothes   Before the procedure always explain it to the patients and the carers and take […]

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Mouth care is important especially in children who receive chemotherapy. It has to be done on a daily basis Most children are able to cope up with it themselves, but some may experience severe weakness and might need help. Look below for the procedure Equipment required Tray Mouthwash Cups Receiver or bowl Paper tissue Spatula […]

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Wound swabs are done commonly to look for the causative bacteria  Explain the procedure to the patient and the attendees Make sure that no antibacterial cream is applied.  If the wound is dry and crusty, you can put a few drops of sterile water and proceed as below. Wash hands with antibacterial soap and water […]

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The vaginal swab is done to look for bacterial infections and discharge. Always remember to rule out abuse if the vaginal discharge is suspicious Explain the procedure to the patient and the attendees Wash hands with antibacterial soap and water or use the bactericidal hand solution It can be done with the child lying supine […]

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A rectal swab is used to look for diseases or culture the bacteria Below is the procedure Before you start it, explain the procedure to the patient and the attendees Wash hands with antibacterial soap and water or use the bactericidal hand solution. The patient can lay down on the bed on the side and […]

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