Oxygen is a common practice in sick children. It is very important to remember that oxygen is now considered as a drug and it needs to be prescribed by a doctor before it is administered Like any Drug, excess of this can cause side effects to the patient and hence it needs to be used […]

Read More →

Taking aspirate samples from nasopharyngeal region is important for investigation purposes The normal procedure is as below Method This procedure should be done before feeding so to reduce false organisms It is very important to make sure that there are resuscitation items like oxygen and bag and mask in case the child goes into apnea […]

Read More →

This is an non invasive method to monitor the capillary oxygen levels from the periphery of body This is always expressed as percentage. These are arbitrary numbers which should always be used in conjunction of the clinical presentation of the child Sites used Finger tips Toe Earlobe Method Pulse oximetry sensor consists of a red […]

Read More →

The medications that children take is first broken down to active compounds and absorbed in the stomach and intestines. Eventually they are removed from body by the kidney.   These medications are effective when they are in the right concentrations. Remember that is why different medications are taken at different time. Ex fever medications(paracetamol) is […]

Read More →

The nervous system is a part of the body which takes care of functions like thinking, intelligence, sensations, movements.  It includes the brain and the long tube called the spine which has thousands of wires running down to every part of the body called the nerves.  The brain development takes place in stages starting as […]

Read More →

 Equipment Sterile catheter pack with following- Gallipot/ receiver. Swabs and Disposable towels Disposable pad Sterile gloves Appropriate catheter Sterile aesthetic lubrication jelly Specimen container 0.9% sodium chloride solution Alcohol rub Hypoallergenic tape Sterile water Syringe Plastic apron Drainage bag   PROCEDURE Explain the procedure to the patient and the parents Get the child in the […]

Read More →

It is the narrowing of the subglottic airway due to the malformed cricoid cartilage It is the most common congenital laryngeal abnormality It can be of 2 types Congenital Acquired- less common these days . Can be caused by Syphilis, tuberculosis, typhoid, diphtheria, prolonged intubation SYMPTOMS Is severe presents with the first few hours after […]

Read More →

This is a highly contagious exanthematous illness caused by the Varicella Zoster virus (herpes group) Clinical features The incubation period is approx 15 days This starts with mild fever and constitutional features like body ache, runny nose Skin features Centripetal distribution ( more over the chest/ back) Lesions occur as crops and appear simultaneously Lesions […]

Read More →

  This is subperiosteal haemorrhage due to rupture of blood vessels  most often due to a traumatic delivery Most commonly seen in the parietal or frontal bone area   Clinical features Swelling appears and increases over the days after birth This swelling can be unilateral just over the place of traumatic delivery The swelling is […]

Read More →