The medications that children take is first broken down to active compounds and absorbed in the stomach and intestines. Eventually they are removed from body by the kidney.   These medications are effective when they are in the right concentrations. Remember that is why different medications are taken at different time. Ex fever medications(paracetamol) is […]

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The nervous system is a part of the body which takes care of functions like thinking, intelligence, sensations, movements.  It includes the brain and the long tube called the spine which has thousands of wires running down to every part of the body called the nerves.  The brain development takes place in stages starting as […]

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 Equipment Sterile catheter pack with following- Gallipot/ receiver. Swabs and Disposable towels Disposable pad Sterile gloves Appropriate catheter Sterile aesthetic lubrication jelly Specimen container 0.9% sodium chloride solution Alcohol rub Hypoallergenic tape Sterile water Syringe Plastic apron Drainage bag   PROCEDURE Explain the procedure to the patient and the parents Get the child in the […]

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It is the narrowing of the subglottic airway due to the malformed cricoid cartilage It is the most common congenital laryngeal abnormality It can be of 2 types Congenital Acquired- less common these days . Can be caused by Syphilis, tuberculosis, typhoid, diphtheria, prolonged intubation SYMPTOMS Is severe presents with the first few hours after […]

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This is a highly contagious exanthematous illness caused by the Varicella Zoster virus (herpes group) Clinical features The incubation period is approx 15 days This starts with mild fever and constitutional features like body ache, runny nose Skin features Centripetal distribution ( more over the chest/ back) Lesions occur as crops and appear simultaneously Lesions […]

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  This is subperiosteal haemorrhage due to rupture of blood vessels  most often due to a traumatic delivery Most commonly seen in the parietal or frontal bone area   Clinical features Swelling appears and increases over the days after birth This swelling can be unilateral just over the place of traumatic delivery The swelling is […]

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  This is a benign birthmark due to a collection of melanocytes at the site. Features Flat bluish- blackish discolouration This fates generally over years ( 5-6 years) Location Most common over the lower back, buttock Treatment No treatment is required as it resolves spontaneously. Make sure you document it for further records. Remember Accidental […]

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Herpes simplex infection of the baby occurs during birth. It is caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). There are two types of HSV.  Aetiology HSV type 1- in 20% of cases.  HSV type 2- in 80% of cases Clinical features Localised skin, mouth, eye infection in 30% of cases Skin infections Group vesicles, pustules […]

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It is a self-limiting disorder of healthy newborns. Cause Hypoxia during delivery Post-trauma Hypothermia Calcium derangement Features Well circumscribed and indurated lesions The surface may look uneven and lobulated Lesions are usually asymptomatic or mildly painful Most common locations – back, buttock, cheeks Duration May last a few weeks to months Investigations Blood may show […]

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