The medications that children take is first broken down to active compounds and absorbed in the stomach and intestines. Eventually they are removed from body by the kidney.   These medications are effective when they are in the right concentrations. Remember that is why different medications are taken at different time. Ex fever medications(paracetamol) is […]

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The nervous system is a part of the body which takes care of functions like thinking, intelligence, sensations, movements.  It includes the brain and the long tube called the spine which has thousands of wires running down to every part of the body called the nerves.  The brain development takes place in stages starting as […]

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What is Facial nerve? The face muscles are connected and controlled by a nerve called the Facial nerve. These muscles control the expressions of face, the chewing muscles, the cheeks and also some sensations like hearing and taste. This facial nerve runs all the way from the brain to these muscles. When this nerve malfunctions, […]

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How to reduce tooth decay in children? Children can be exposed to tooth decay because of sugary food intake and irregular hygiene, which largely depends on the caregiver. Fortunately, they are born with temporary teeth set for the first 5 years which eventually changes to more stronger, permanent teeth set. Long-term and serious damage to […]

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Nerves are like wires that connect the brain to the other parts of the body. They carry electrical messages to all parts of the body. The messages can be about pain, pressure or temperature or sensations Nerves are made of tiny bundles of fibres surrounded by an insulation, just like electric wires The size of […]

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The shaft of the male genitalia(Penis) is covered by a loose skin. Circumcision is the surgical detachment of the foreskin in the male genitalia. This may be done because of various religious reasons and sometimes medical reasons. Remember- The foreskin after birth may not be retractable for many years.   The operation-  This should always […]

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Urine is constantly produced by the 2 kidneys in your child’s tummy and is stored in the urinary bladder. This urine is then passed by the child at regular intervals. Newborn babies pass urine more often, especially when being fed as they have a small bladder capacity. Newborns can pass up to 15 to 20 […]

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Constipation is the passage of ‘Hard stools’ or very infrequent passage.  Constipation is becoming more common in children, which could be due to changes in food habits like replacing breastmilk with formula milk, excess fast food intake, decreased fruit consumption and replacing drinking water by colas. All these could pose a risk factor for causing […]

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What are the basics of baby breathing- Babies breathe faster when compared to adults. A newborn baby may breathe 3 times faster than an adult. This fast breathing slowly reduces to adult levels as the child grows. Healthy babies in spite of this fast breathing, are comfortable, smiling, looking around and responding normally.   How […]

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Croup is a disease of the throat in children This presents as a loud noise(stridor) when the child takes a breath in.   What causes croup? Croup is generally seen when the child has an infection of the throat or nose. Most of the time this starts as cold infections with fever, running nose, cough. […]

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