• Eggs are passed in the feces of infected individuals  

 

CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS.

  • Pulmonary ascariasis – Cough with blood-stained sputum
  • Eosinophilia.
  • Abdominal pain/ Intestinal obstruction 
  • Steatorrhea and diminished vitamin A absorption

 

DIAGNOSIS.

  • Fecal smear examination- to look for eggs
  • X ray for abdominal conditions

 

TREATMENT.

  • Albendazole (400 mg PO as a single dose).
  • Or Mebendazole (100 mg bid for 3 days) orally
  • Or Pyrantel pamoate (11 mg/kg once; maximum, 1 g) orally.  
  • Or Piperazine orally in a daily dose of 50–75 mg/kg for 2 days in severe cases

 

PREVENTION.

  • Repeated doses of anthelmintic at 3–6-mo intervals.  

 

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