It’s the area on the anterior chest wall which lies over the heart

Variations

During inspection of the chest wall look for the following variations.

Bulging precordium

  • This could mean chronic cardiac condition
  • The common causes are-
    1. Ventricular Septal Defect
    2. Rheumatic heart disease
    3. Pericardial effusion
    4. Scoliosis
    5. Mediastinal tumours
    6. Left pleural effusion

Flattening  precordium

  • The chest wall looks more flatter than usual
  • Seen in
    1. Fibrosis of lung
    2. Congenital deformities of chest wall
    3. Adherent pericarditis

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes:

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>