Mitral area


  1. Myocardial infarction
  2. Ventricular septal defect
  3. Atrial septal defect


  1. Mitral stenosis
  2. Left atrial myxoma

Aortic area

  1. Aortic stenosis
  2. Diastolic thrill of Aortic regurgitation

Pulmonary area

  1. Pulmonary stenosis
  2. Atrial septal defect
  3. High velocity Ventricular septal defect
  4. Tetralogy of Fallot
  5. Patent ductus arteriosus

Tricuspid area

  1. Ventricular septal defect
  2. Tricuspid regurgitation
  3. Atrial septal defect
  4. Pulmonary stenosis

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