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Causes of Left ventricular failure

  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Systemic hypertension
  • Aortic regurgitation
  • Aortic stenosis
  • Mitral regurgitation
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Coarctation of aorta
  • Myocarditis
  • Severe anemia
  • Ventricular septal defect

Causes of Right ventricular failure

  • Chronic lung diseases
  • Pulmonary stenosis
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Pulmonary thromboembolism
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Myocarditis

Causes of Left atrial failure

  • Mitral stenosis
  • Left atrial myxoma
  • Mitral atresia

Causes of Right atrial failure

  • Tricuspid stenosis
  • Right atrial myxoma

Cause of Biventricular failure

  • Hyperkinetic circulation like Av malformations, thyrotoxicosis, severe anemia
  • Myocarditis
  • Ischaemic heart disease
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertension

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