Is an allergic disorder of the skin.

FEATURES

The affected skin looks

  • Dry/ Scaly
  • Red/ Cracked
  • Is Very Itchy
COMMON AFFECTED AREAS– are as below
  • Knees/ Elbow joint ( Inner and outer surface)
  • Neck
  • Face/ Scalp
This is an allergic response to body, hence can be accompanied by other allergic conditions( asthma)
These skin lesions can have periods of getting better and getting worse
There are few triggers( things that make it worse) like soap/ stress/ food allergy
 
TREATMENT
  • There is no permanent treatment.
  • Measures to support the symptoms ( Itching/ pain) helps to control the disease.
UNDERSTANDING THE TREATMENT
  • The treatment has to be tailored to each individual through series of trial attempts
  • You can try the available non-steroid products yourself and then and choose the best that works.
  • Find the triggers and avoid them.( Skin prick test to find triggers can help- ask your doctor)
  • Skin gets dry because it loses moisture ( so use suitable  moisturiser regularly)
  • This is allergic response( so Steroid lotions are used- steroids decrease allergy reaction)
METHODS OF TREATMENT
  • Oral– Allergy Syrups to reduce itching
  • Local Emollients– Lotion/ Cream/ Ointment(Lotion is less greasy and Ointment is most). Paraffin is an important component of emollients.
  • Steroids or other drugs-(to be decided by doctor)
TREATMENT
  • Oral syrups– Anti-allergic syrups are used(Chlorphenamine). They suppress the urge to scratch and may cause sleep
  • Emollient– the more greasy the product the more moisturiser property.
    Use the emollients as many times each day to keep skin moisturised( Specifically after bath and before sleep)
  • Apply little and often and don’t vigorously rub them in.
  • Apply along the line of the hairs on the skin.
  • Use Bath Oils in water each day. Avoid soaps (they generally dry the skin)
  • After applying the emollient you can wrap the area lightly with a clean bandage. It helps prevent scratching and helps better absorption of the cream.
  • Never Bandage an area you think is infected( See below)
WHEN TO SEE YOUR DOCTOR
  • If signs of infection ( see below)
  • If severe unresponsive eczema

SIGNS OF INFECTION ( see your doctor)

  • Becomes more red, worse itching and soreness.
  • Discharge of clear or yellow fluid.
  • Fever or generalised Unwell

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