LEUKEMIA Also known as Blood cancer. As previously discussed, (in respective sections) blood consists of the Red blood cells( haemoglobin) , Platelets( to control bleeding) and White cells( army of cells to fight bacteria, virus). The total number of these cells are constantly controlled. There are genes (Like programs written for computers) within each cell […]

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COMPONENTS Red Blood Cells They give the red colour to blood It contains haemoglobin- it carries oxygen throughout the body  White Blood Cells These are further divided into neutrophils, Lymphocytes( responsible for resistance against infections and eosinophils( responsible for allergy) Platelets  They stop bleeding Low levels can cause excess bleeding Hence the investigations of blood […]

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Breastfeeding basics- Babies like any one of us need Calories(energy) and water as their basic need. Breast milk is the ideal food for the baby for first 6 months at least. Breastfeeding can go on until the baby is 1 year old. But after 6 months the child energy needs are higher and so it […]

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What are the basics of baby breathing- Babies breathe faster when compared to adults. A newborn baby may breathe 3 times faster than an adult. This fast breathing slowly reduces to adult levels as the child grows. Healthy babies in spite of this fast breathing, are comfortable, smiling, looking around and responding normally.   How […]

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Bronchioles are tiny tubes inside the lungs that supply air that we breathe in.  As these tubes are tiny, any inflammation causes severe symptoms. This inflammation can occur due to many reasons, most often due to a virus. This condition is most often in children less than 2 years of age. As you might have […]

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BURNS AND SCALDS (LIQUID INDUCED BURNS) START FIRST AID IMMEDIATELY First aid – Move the child from the location of the incident- douse the flames with water/ extinguisher. Remove all clothing and jewellery. Run cool water( not cold/ no ice) on affected area for at least 20 minutes Keep unaffected part of body warm( cover […]

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CATARACT The human eye is like a camera. There is a lens within the eye which stretches and broadens so a clear image is focused on the retina( back of the eye). This image is transmitted to the brain. With age, the lens becomes opaque( cloudy). This is the cataract. Cataract is more common in […]

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The shaft of the male genitalia(Penis) is covered by a loose skin. Circumcision is the surgical detachment of the foreskin in the male genitalia. This may be done because of various religious reasons and sometimes medical reasons. Remember- The foreskin after birth may not be retractable for many years.   The operation-  This should always […]

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Cleft lip and palate- What is it? ‘Cleft’ means a ‘Gap’ It is a slit( gap) in the upper lip or the palate( the region at the upper part of mouth). These defects cause a problem as the baby is not able to form a complete seal at the breast as hence not able to […]

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What is Clubfoot? Clubfoot is a relatively innocent birth defect that affects the position of the babies feet. Here, the feet are turned inwards( toe of both feet turning towards each other) At birth, it does not affect their development, but once the child starts standing and walking( 8-12 months) it causes problems. The condition can […]

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