BASICS Refers to pain in abdomen severe enough to interfere with normal daily activities It is diagnosis of exclusion (all other serious conditions should be excluded first) It’s called migraine after it was noticed to be common in families suffering from either an abdominal or a head migraine. Children with an abdominal migraine have a […]

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EFFECTS OF DRINKING ALCOHOL DURING PREGNANCY Alcohol is considered dangerous to the growing baby when in your tummy. There are very little studies regarding how much alcohol significantly affects the growing child, hence best bet is to avoid it altogether. Alcohol is easily dissolvable and ends up reaching the baby through the umbilical cord. The alcohol cannot […]

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How can I help control my child’s allergic condition? Allergic conditions like asthma, allergic irritation of nose or allergic conditions of the eye are long-term problems that annoy children. Using medications to control these symptoms may be helpful in acute conditions but is impractical to use it for several years. The allergic conditions are generally […]

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Allergic reaction (Urticaria)   Identifying an Allergic reaction: Generally appears as a red lesion on the skin, the skin is raised by a few millimetres and is very itchy. Run your fingers gently along the lesion to confirm an allergic reaction. Itching is a common occurrence during an allergic reaction but not always. Itching could […]

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Anaemia is the condition with reduced Red cells in the body.   SYMPTOMS Depends on many factors Age of child Severity of anaemia Other associated conditions- ex. Heart problems Fast heart rate(to compensate low haemoglobin) Fatigue/ Weakness( because heart is beating fast) Pale( because of low red cells) Yellowish skin( if red cells are breaking, […]

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What is Appendix? The appendix is a small pouch-like organ measuring a few inches that are attached to the intestine. Some believe it to be a vestigial organ( accessory pouch ) It briefly has no function and sometimes it gets infected( hence it is removed in severe infections) Location- Right side of the abdomen (towards the […]

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GUILLAIN BARRE SYNDROME This is a paralytic disease seen generally after an infection( generally post-viral infection) Most times involving the Motor system( Movement ) This is also called ‘Ascending paralysis’ as the paralysis ascends from feet upwards over the days. Most symptoms start a week after a viral infection. Generally, a diarrhoea bug or throat […]

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INTRODUCTION Is an allergic respiratory condition. There is difficulty in breathing out( Imagine blowing through a straw- the narrower it gets, the more difficult it becomes.) Generally runs in family. There is a history of parents or grandparents with a wheeze. CLINICAL PRESENTATION Breathless/ fast short breaths A cough Wheeze( can present as sound-like blowing […]

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Birth Defects Things you need to know about Birth defects: Birth defects are abnormalities in the development of a child which are present since birth. They can be obvious (Defect in the face, limbs) or hidden ( Heart defects, kidney defects). Some of these can be harmless and others can seriously affect the quality of […]

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Preventing birth defects Defects at birth depend largely on the cause of it. Whether it’s a genetic defect running in families or defect induced by consumption of teratogenics (  Substances causing the defect) substances like alcohol, medications or infections. Not all of it can be diagnosed before birth. But the incidence can be decreased by […]

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