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Causes of Delayed closure of Anterior Fontanelle

  1. Rickets
  2. Congenital hypothyroidism
  3. Achondroplasia
  4. Hydrocephalus
  5. Downs syndrome

Causes of bulging anterior fontanelle

  1. Increase intracranial pressure
  2. Hydrocephalus
  3. Crying infant
  4. Galactosemia

Causes of high arched palate

  1. Downs syndrome
  2. Marfan syndrome
  3. Crouzon syndrome
  4. Apert syndrome
  5. Turners syndrome

Causes of Frontal bone bossing

  1. Thalassemia major
  2. Rickets
  3. Congenital syphilis
  4. Hydrocephalus
  5. Acromegaly

Causes of Depressed nasal bridge

  1. Downs syndrome
  2. William syndrome
  3. Thalassemia major
  4. Congenital syphilis
  5. Wegener’s granulomatosis

Causes of Mongoloid slanting of eyes

  1. Downs syndrome
  2. Prader Willi syndrome
  3. Ectodermal dysplasia
  4. Fetal alcohol syndrome

Causes of hypertelorism

  1. Downs syndrome
  2. Craniostensosis
  3. Turners syndrome

Causes of Low set ears

  • Downs syndrome
  • Trisomy 13
  • Trisomy 18
  • Beckwith Weidemen syndrome

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